Nanoparticles are forced by low voltage (5 – 30 V) electric fields to form the desired lines on substrates ranging from glasses to flexible foils and printed circuit boards. Substrates can be flat, curved or irregular. Our printing head will print on them whether they are rigid, flexible or rough.
The width of the printed lines ranges from 100 nm to 3 μm. The width-to-height aspect ratio is close to 1 in a single run of the printing head. The length of the printed lines can be up to several cm.
Cheap proof-of-concept testing is also possible thanks to the very low minimum volume of ink needed, even down to 50 μl.